Pomegranate tree is naturally native to the region of south-western Iran and some areas of adjacent Afghanistan and Pakistan. Grown in one hundred twenty countries, the seeds from these trees are used for medicinal purposes and as an ornamental tree. Pomegranates are high in vitamin C, potassium, iron, calcium, and magnesium. They are also used to treat cancer and prevent heart disease.
Other Uses –
Pomegranate extract is used as a dye for leather and fabrics. The juice of the fruit makes an excellent stain for cotton, silk, or wool. The oil from the seed can be used in soap and perfume making and as a varnish for wood.
These trees prefer cool temperatures but can tolerate warmer ones as long as they get lots of water. The soil should be rich in organic matter and well drained. They can be grown in the full sun but prefer the shade.
They grow best in areas where they will receive morning sun and afternoon shade. The Pomegranate is a very hardy tree, so once you have found your plant, you can place it where you wish it to grow most successfully.
Seeds require stratification (cold soaked for a period of time) before germination occurs. Insert seeds into moist soil and keep the soil moist but not soggy. Pomegranates are also propagated from cuttings.
Water your pomegranate tree only if it does not rain for a week or more. The roots of this tree are close to the surface, so it is best to apply water directly to the root zone. Soak the surrounding area thoroughly but do not allow water to pool near the trunk of the tree.
The pomegranate has a leathery skin that is easily peeled off by hand. Gently rotate the fruit in your hand and pull the skin away. Cut the fruit in half with a sharp knife and remove the seeds. Serve fresh or store for later use. They can be refrigerated for up to three weeks or frozen for up to four months.
The pomegranate tree is widespread throughout the world. Seeds can be purchased from supermarkets and seed catalogs. The tree grows best in USDA Hardiness Zones 7 through 10.
Commercially Grown Pomegranate Trees –
There are over a hundred varieties of pomegranate trees grown commercially for their ornamental value. One variety is the ‘Wonderful’ pomegranate tree which grows 3-5 feet tall and has fruits that ripen in the fall. The pink flowers of the ‘Wonderful’ cultivar grow in clusters of 20 to 30 and bloom in spring. This is followed by red fruits that turn yellow as they mature. ‘Wonderful’ trees will only survive outdoors in USDA Hardiness Zones 9 and 10, so if you live outside this area, you should look for other varieties of pomegranate trees to grow at home.
The names and colors of these trees may change over time because they are new to the trade. Some cultivars include:
-‘Adan’, with red fruits
-‘Amirani’, with large purple fruits, an ornamental tree with dark green leaves, dark purple flowers and a white waxy bloom that turns yellow as the fruit ripens.
-‘Ararat’, with yellow-green fruit and whitish leaves.
-‘Benidorm’, a new variety which has dark blue fruits with dark green foliage, dark purple flowers and a white waxy bloom that turns yellow as the fruit ripens.
Buying Tips –
When buying pomegranate trees, look for well-grown trees bearing fruit heavily on the lower branches at harvest time. Be sure to choose trees that are healthy when you see them; this is difficult to determine until they are fully grown. If possible, try to buy trees that are still in the same nursery from which they were raised.
The pomegranate tree is a popular ornamental plant that can be grown indoors or outdoors in USDA Hardiness Zones 9 and 10. The best time to plant a pomegranate tree is three to four weeks after the last frost in spring. You will need room with full, direct sunlight and at least six hours of sunlight during peak summer months. Pomegranate tree grow well with other plants such as untamed roses and English ivy. Their beautiful flowers attract bees and birds to your yard, making them an excellent choice for your home or business.
The pomegranate tree is a very hardy plant whose uses have been appreciated for thousands of years. The origin of the word Pomegranate comes from the Latin ‘Pomum’ meaning fruit, a reference to its many seeds, and ‘Granatum’ meaning seed-like granules. In the Bible, ‘Pomegranate’ is used to describe a person who is deceitful and wicked. The juice from pomegranates was once believed to stop ‘evil thoughts’ from entering a person’s mind.
Pomegranate tree can live for 100 years or more. They require little maintenance, other than watering if there has been no rain for a week or more. The seeds are also edible and are often used in drinks and foods as an ingredient in recipes. Pomegranate tree is easy to grow from seeds and cuttings, making the plant a good choice for beginners.
Features of Cultivars –
This is a cultivar from Turkey. It is hardy from USDA Hardiness Zones 8-11 and has dark green foliage with dark green leaves and dark green flowers in spring. The pomegranate has flowers that are pink at the bottom and bright red on top.
- This cultivar has white flowers and pink fruit in spring.
- This variety is a very large tree with green leaves, round fruit and bright yellow flowers.
- This pomegranate has purple flowers that are produced by the tree in early summer.
- This cultivar is known as ‘Freedom’ because of its red fruit and dark-green foliage.
- This cultivar has dark green foliage with dark purple fruit.
- This pomegranate variety is true to its name, having red flowers.
- This tree has a compact shape and bright red fruit that ripens in the fall.
- This pomegranate variety is a very large tree with pale pink flowers and pale pink fruit.
- This variety has purple flowers, dark red fruit and dense foliage.
- This cultivar has a compact shape and bright pink flowers.
- This cultivar has light green leaves. Its fruits are bright red and ripen in late summer.
They are often used as decorative plants in residential areas due to their striking flowers. The sharp color contrast of the flowers against the dark green leaves makes for a beautiful addition to any yard. This is an ornamental fruit tree that lasts for many years. It can grow to more than ten feet tall, making it an excellent plant for large gardens. It is known for its strong red fruits that are grown on a single large flower.